What Is “Natural” Meat?

I posted earlier on the difference between the “natural” and “organic” labels on food.  In short, “organic” food must live up to stringent standards imposed by law (and certified by an independent inspector), while “natural” can mean just about anything–or nothing.

When it comes to meat, the story is slightly different.  Organic meat must still live up to strict government standards: organic growers still can’t use antibiotics (with certain limitations) or growth hormones, and must allow their livestock “access to pasture” and feed them exclusively organic feed.  And organic growers must have an independent inspector attest that these standards are being met.

But this time, there are certain standards for “natural” products as well.  “Natural” meat must be minimally processed (for instance, it can’t be pre-cooked); and it can’t have artificial colors, flavors or preservatives.  These standards are very loose compared to “organic” meat standards but are certainly more restrictive than for “natural” non-meat products.

And there is one further requirement for “natural” meats: meat producers have to tell us what they mean by “natural.”  (This again is a requirement only for “natural” meat and not for other “natural” products.)  A meat label may indicate, for example, “no growth hormones, access to pasture, and no antibiotics.”  And if enough adjectives are included, the “natural” meat may start looking a lot like “organic” meat.

But even meat products for which “natural” is defined to include all sorts of claims, two factors still differentiate the “organic” from the “natural.”

Organic Meat

Organic Prairie Provides, Albeit Self-Servingly, a Terrific Breakdown of the Difference Between "Organic" and "Natural" Meat

First, if a meant product is labeled “natural,” it almost certainly fails to meet all of the requirements of “organic” meat.  The “organic” requirements demand a great deal of effort and expense, and few producers will want to incur this effort and expense without reaping the main benefit: using the “organic” label.  Most often, “natural” meat fails to satisfy the requirement that the livestock be fed only organic feed.  Organic feed is expensive, and many producers would rather just feed their livestock conventional feed and just use the vague word “natural” instead.

Second, “organic” meats have had an independent, government-certified inspector come by and attest that all “organic” requirements have been met.  “Natural” meats, even those that include an extensive list of claims (e.g., no antibiotics, no growth hormones, free range), have had no one certify that its claims are true.  Obviously, these producers would get in trouble with the government if anyone ever found out that they were not true.  But their products never been tested, and they know that they never will be.  So you can’t have the same sort of certainty that what they’re saying is true.  And as recent food safety lapses suggest, producers who aren’t inspected are under a great temptation to cut corners, and at least sometimes give into that temptation.

Do you look for organic meat when you shop?

This entry was posted in Food Policy and tagged , , , , , , , , , , . Bookmark the permalink.

5 Responses to What Is “Natural” Meat?

  1. Where are youuuuuuuuuuuuuu?! Why have you stopped posting?! Miss your posts, ok?

    • Doug says:


      Thanks so much for your support; I am thrilled that you would miss my posts! I have been taking a brief sabbatical for a hopefully worthy cause: helping some people in the organic food community to develop some new products that may help grow the market and expand public knowledge of organic food issues. It’s been fun and exciting to work on but has also kept me tied up!

      I hope to add a couple Organaholic! posts within the next week or two, and to respond to several comments I’ve yet to respond to (including some of your own!), and hopefully once things settle down here I can start posting daily again as in the good-old-days.

      Hope all is well with you, and hope to get back to providing some good material here!

  2. Pingback: Organic Milk Has More “Good” Fat, Less “Bad,” Than Conventional Milk | Organaholic! Organic Food Blog

  3. Pingback: Why Attack Sustainable Meat? | Organaholic! Organic Food Blog

  4. Pingback: Cornucopia Sues Organic Valley. Sometimes Infighting Is Very Good | Organaholic! Organic Food Blog

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s